“Di amianto si continua a morire” di Franco D’Amico, esperto statistico

Roma, 12 gennaio 2022 – Sono passati ormai circa trenta anni da quando la Legge n. 257 del 1992 ha messo al bando in Italia tutti i prodotti e i materiali contenenti amianto, vietandone l’estrazione, l’importazione, la produzione e la commercializzazione. Ma a tutt’oggi l’amianto è stato solo in parte eliminato dal nostro territorio: secondo recenti stime del Cnr (Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche) e di Ispesl (Istituto superiore per la prevenzione e la sicurezza del lavoro) ci sono ancora 32 milioni di tonnellate di amianto che minacciano il territorio nazionale con 38 mila siti a rischio e un miliardo circa di metri quadrati di coperture in eternit che stazionano ancora sui tetti di case, scuole, fabbriche, ecc. 
Si tratta quindi di un rischio ancora molto presente anche perché, prima che venissero bandite, le fibre killer avevano già minato la salute di molti lavoratori, incubandosi lentamente nei loro polmoni per manifestarsi (come nel caso dei mesotelioma) anche a distanza di 30/40 anni.
Allo stato attuale, sul piano degli effetti sulla salute dei lavoratori, il bilancio è ancora drammatico, ma fortunatamente appare in tendenziale stabilità. Negli ultimi anni si registra, infatti, un andamento altalenante delle denunce di patologie asbesto-correlate entro la fascia 2.000/2.200 casi denunciati l’anno: sembra dunque che la curva si sta finalmente appiattendo dopo decenni di crescita intensa e progressiva: erano circa 1.500 i casi denunciati nel 2001, saliti a 1.900 nel 2006 e a 2.300 nel 2011. E da questi valori il trend pare si stia avviando verso una lenta, auspicabile, fase di regressione. Nell’ultimo anno disponibile, il 2020, si registra un crollo delle denunce di tutte le patologie asbesto-correlate (scese a 1.520 casi complessivi); un calo che ha riguardato tutte le tipologie di malattia professionale. La causa di questo crollo è riconducibile essenzialmente alle condizioni ambientali dell’anno 2020 fortemente influenzate dalla pandemia da Covid-19 che, tra lockdown, intasamenti delle strutture sanitarie e paure del contagio hanno consigliato i lavoratori a procrastinare la denuncia per il riconoscimento della tecnopatia, E, difatti, già nel 2021 c’è stata una forte ripresa delle denunce di tecnopatie, comprese quelle asbesto-correlate.
Per questi motivi abbiamo ritenuto, nelle analisi che seguono, riferirci al 2019, un anno più completo ed attendibile del 2020 che può considerarsi anomalo.
Dai dati 2019 emerge un aspetto positivo: rispetto agli anni precedenti si registra una diminuzione tra le neoplasie, che sono di gran lunga le patologie più gravi tra le asbesto-correlate. Si tratta, di un insieme di forme tumorali tra cui spicca il “mesotelioma pleurico”, una malattia che purtroppo allo stato attuale determina esiti letali nella gran parte dei casi, con 608 casi denunciati nel 2019, in calo del 4,9% rispetto al 2016; fanno anche parte di questa famiglia il “carcinoma polmonare” con 236 casi (-4,5%) e il “mesotelioma peritoneale” con 25 casi (-7,4%).
Oltre alle neoplasie, tra le patologie asbesto-correlate, va annoverata anche l’Asbestosi”, una malattia che sembrava in lento e progressivo declino ma che invece ha ripreso a crescere nell’ultimo decennio (erano circa 500 nel 2011) con un picco addirittura nel 2019 con 790 casi (+38,6% sul 2016). In costante declino, invece, le “Placche pleuriche” una patologia dagli esiti meno gravi delle altre malattie da asbesto, che si è manifestata in 582 casi nel 2019 ed è in calo del 13,1%.
Nel loro insieme, le malattie da asbesto presentano caratteristiche molto particolari connesse sia alle attività produttive coinvolte, che sono a forte vocazione maschile, sia ai tempi di latenza delle malattie stesse che, come già detto, possono essere generalmente molto prolungati. In virtù di tali caratteristiche le malattie da asbesto si manifestano per lo più tra gli uomini e tra le persone di età avanzata.
La quasi totalità dei lavoratori che hanno contratto una malattia da asbesto è di sesso maschile: in particolare il 98,6% di quelli affetti da Asbestosi ed il 91% di quelli colpiti da Neoplasie. Il 55% dei tecnopatici ha un’età superiore ai 65 anni e ben il 98% ha un’età superiore ai 50 anni.
Sul piano territoriale le malattie da asbesto sono diffuse in tutte le aree geografiche del Paese ed in particolare al Sud (30,1% del totale), nel Nord-Ovest (22,6%), nel Nord-Est (20,5%), nelle Isole (14,0%) e al Centro (12,8%); c’è da notare, però, che mentre le Neoplasie risultano molto più diffuse al Nord e al Centro, al Sud e nelle Isole si riscontra una nettissima prevalenza di Asbestosi.
I settori di attività in cui si registrano le quote più significative di malattie asbesto-correlate sono generalmente quelli dell’industria pesante (Fabbricazione mezzi di trasporto, Metallurgia, Siderurgia, Cantieristica…); quote consistenti si registrano anche nel settore delle Costruzioni e nei Trasporti, in particolare quelli ferroviari.
Per quanto riguarda, infine, le conseguenze fisiche delle malattie da asbesto è noto come molte forme patologiche presentino caratteristiche di particolare gravità che, al pari dei tumori di altra origine professionale, forniscono il maggiore tributo in termini di menomazioni invalidanti e, soprattutto, di morti.
Nel 2019 sulle 2.241 patologie da asbesto denunciate, solo 1.520 (pari al 68%) sono state riconosciute dall’INAIL; di queste ultime, 1.102 hanno comportato menomazioni permanenti di grado più o meno elevato e 416 la morte del lavoratore. Quasi il 70% dei decessi è causato da Mesotelioma pleurico (288 casi) e oltre il  25% da Carcinoma polmonare (106 casi); 10 sono i morti per Mesotelioma peritoneale e 6 ciascuno per Asbestosi o Placche pleuriche.
Se ci si riferisce alle sole neoplasie da asbesto (Mesotelioma e Carcinoma) si riscontra che su 709 patologie riconosciute 404, pari al 57%, hanno portato al decesso. In pratica, più della metà dei lavoratori affetti da neoplasie asbesto-correlate nel corso del 2019 è morta per cause lavorative. La mortalità sale inoltre al 60% nel caso dei Mesotelioma pleurici, mentre si attesta intorno al 50% per i Mesotelioma peritoneali e i Carcinoma polmonari. Molto più contenuti risultano, invece,  i tassi di mortalità per i lavoratori affetti da Asbestosi (2,3%) o da Placche pleuriche (1,1%).
A proposito dei morti per causa di amianto, è necessaria una precisazione. I dati riportati, rilevati da INAIL, si riferiscono ai soli lavoratori assicurati che hanno contratto la patologia in ambito lavorativo. Non sono compresi, pertanto, i lavoratori non assicurati all’INAIL (tra questi è compreso il settore Difesa, uno dei più colpiti), né tantomeno le persone in genere che si sono ammalate in ambiti extralavorativi.    
Nel “Libro bianco delle morti di amianto in Italia”  pubblicato recentemente dall’ONA (Osservatorio Nazionale Amianto) si stima che in Italia si siano verificati circa “6.000 decessi solo nel 2019, come negli anni precedenti”.

72 thoughts on ““Di amianto si continua a morire” di Franco D’Amico, esperto statistico

  • Greetings! I know this is kind of off topic
    but I was wondering if you knew where I could
    get a captcha plugin for my comment form? I’m
    using the same blog platform as yours and I’m
    having difficulty finding one? Thanks a lot!

  • I have read so many posts concerning the blogger lovers except this paragraph is really a good article, keep it up.

  • Really no matter if someone doesn’t be aware of after that its up to
    other people that they will assist, so here it takes place.

  • Thanks for finally writing about > “Di amianto si continua a morire” di Franco D’Amico, esperto statistico –
    ANMIL < Loved it!

  • Way cool! Some very valid points! I appreciate you writing
    this post and also the rest of the website is really good.

  • We’re a bunch of volunteers and starting a brand
    new scheme in our community. Your website provided us with helpful info
    to work on. You’ve performed an impressive job and our entire community might be grateful to you.

  • Oh my goodness! Amazing article dude! Thanks, However I am
    encountering issues with your RSS. I don’t understand the reason why I can’t join it.

    Is there anybody else having similar RSS problems? Anyone who knows the solution can you kindly
    respond? Thanks!!

  • Hello, i think that i saw you visited my website thus i came to “return the favor”.I’m attempting to find things to enhance my web site!I suppose its ok to
    use some of your ideas!!

  • Fantastic site. A lot of useful information here.
    I am sending it to a few pals ans also sharing in delicious.
    And naturally, thanks to your effort!

  • Have you ever thought about including a little bit more than just your articles?
    I mean, what you say is fundamental and everything.
    Nevertheless imagine if you added some great images or video clips to give
    your posts more, “pop”! Your content is excellent
    but with images and videos, this website could definitely be one
    of the very best in its niche. Amazing blog!

  • Magnificent beat ! I wish to apprentice while you amend your website, how
    could i subscribe for a blog web site? The account helped me a acceptable deal.

    I had been tiny bit acquainted of this your broadcast provided bright clear concept

  • Very nice post. I just stumbled upon your blog and wanted to say that I
    have truly enjoyed surfing around your blog posts.
    After all I will be subscribing to your rss feed and I hope you write again very
    soon!

  • We are a group of volunteers and opening a new scheme
    in our community. Your website offered us with valuable info to work on. You’ve done an impressive
    job and our entire community will be thankful to you.

  • If some one needs to be updated with most recent technologies after
    that he must be go to see this web page and be up to date everyday.

  • I left your office feeling rejuvenated and refreshed, and I cannot thank you enough for the positive impact you had on my well-being.

  • Simply want to say your article is as surprising.
    The clarity in your post is simply spectacular and i can assume you’re an expert on this subject.
    Well with your permission allow me to grab your RSS feed to keep updated
    with forthcoming post. Thanks a million and please carry on the rewarding work.

  • I am not certain where you are getting your information, but great topic.

    I must spend a while finding out much more or understanding more.

    Thanks for great information I used to be in search of this info
    for my mission.

  • Helpful info. Lucky me I found your web site by chance, and I’m stunned why this twist of fate didn’t happened
    earlier! I bookmarked it.

  • Holymoly that’s crazy man! Thank you so much I really appreciate for this man. Can i tell you my ways on change
    your life and if you want to have a glance? I will definitly share info about how to find hot girls for free I will be the one
    showing values from now on.

  • Its like you read my mind! You seem to know a lot about this,
    like you wrote the book in it or something. I think that you
    could do with a few pics to drive the message home a bit, but instead of
    that, this is excellent blog. A fantastic read.

    I’ll definitely be back.

  • I’m really inspired along with your writing skills and also with the format on your
    blog. Is this a paid theme or did you modify it your self?
    Either way keep up the nice quality writing, it is rare to
    see a nice blog like this one today..

  • What’s Happening i am new to this, I stumbled upon this I’ve discovered It positively helpful and it has helped me out loads.

    I hope to give a contribution & help different users like its aided me.
    Great job.

  • I always used to study piece of writing in news papers but now as I
    am a user of internet thus from now I am using net for articles or reviews, thanks to web.

  • Thank you, I have recently been searching for information approximately this subject for ages and yours is the best I
    have found out till now. But, what in regards to the bottom
    line? Are you certain concerning the source?

  • Hmm is anyone else encountering problems with the pictures on this blog loading?
    I’m trying to determine if its a problem on my end or if
    it’s the blog. Any feed-back would be greatly appreciated.

  • Hi there would you mind stating which blog platform you’re
    using? I’m going to start my own blog soon but I’m having a difficult time
    choosing between BlogEngine/Wordpress/B2evolution and Drupal.
    The reason I ask is because your design seems different then most blogs and I’m looking for something completely
    unique. P.S Sorry for getting off-topic but I had to ask!

  • These are genuinely great ideas in on the topic of blogging.
    You have touched some good things here. Any way keep up wrinting.

  • It’s genuinely very difficult in this full of activity life to listen news on Television,
    thus I only use web for that reason, and get the
    hottest news.

  • I have read so many articles or reviews about the blogger
    lovers except this paragraph is really a fastidious article, keep it
    up.

  • I’m extremely impressed with your writing skills as well as
    with the layout on your weblog. Is this a paid theme
    or did you modify it yourself? Anyway keep up the nice
    quality writing, it is rare to see a great blog
    like this one nowadays.

  • I know this if off topic but I’m looking into starting my own blog and was wondering what
    all is required to get setup? I’m assuming having a blog like yours would cost a pretty penny?
    I’m not very internet smart so I’m not 100% certain.
    Any recommendations or advice would be greatly appreciated.
    Cheers

  • Just desire to say your article is as amazing. The
    clearness to your put up is just great and that i can suppose you’re a professional on this subject.
    Well with your permission allow me to grab your RSS feed to keep up to date with impending post.
    Thanks 1,000,000 and please carry on the gratifying work.

  • hey there and thank you for your info – I have definitely picked up
    something new from right here. I did however expertise some technical issues using this site, since I experienced to reload the site lots of times previous to I could get it to load properly.
    I had been wondering if your web hosting is OK?
    Not that I’m complaining, but sluggish loading instances times
    will sometimes affect your placement in google and can damage
    your high-quality score if ads and marketing with Adwords.
    Anyway I’m adding this RSS to my email and could look out
    for much more of your respective fascinating content.

    Make sure you update this again soon.

  • Pretty section of content. I just stumbled upon your site and in accession capital to
    assert that I acquire actually enjoyed account
    your blog posts. Anyway I’ll be subscribing to your feeds
    and even I achievement you access consistently fast.

  • Hello everybody, here every one is sharing such know-how,
    therefore it’s pleasant to read this blog, and I used to pay a visit this weblog every day.

  • Really when someone doesn’t be aware of then its up to other visitors
    that they will assist, so here it takes place.

  • Hi, I do believe this is a great website. I stumbledupon it 😉 I will return once again since i have book-marked it.
    Money and freedom is the greatest way to change, may you be rich and continue to guide others.

  • continuously i used to read smaller content that also clear their motive, and
    that is also happening with this post which I am reading at
    this place.

  • Hey! This is kind of off topic but I need some guidance from an established blog.

    Is it very difficult to set up your own blog?
    I’m not very techincal but I can figure things out pretty quick.
    I’m thinking about creating my own but I’m not sure where to begin. Do you have any points
    or suggestions? Cheers

  • I need to to thank you for this great read!! I certainly
    enjoyed every little bit of it. I have got you book-marked to look
    at new things you post…

  • Hello to every one, as I am in fact eager of reading
    this webpage’s post to be updated on a regular basis.
    It consists of pleasant stuff.

  • My family all the time say that I am killing my time here at net, except I know
    I am getting experience every day by reading thes nice posts.

  • Very good article. I’m dealing with many of these issues as well..

  • Hi, I do believe this is a great site. I stumbledupon it 😉 I may come back
    once again since i have bookmarked it. Money
    and freedom is the greatest way to change, may you be rich and continue to
    guide others.

  • If some one wants expert view on the topic of blogging and
    site-building after that i suggest him/her to pay a quick
    visit this website, Keep up the fastidious work.

  • Hello there! Quick question that’s totally
    off topic. Do you know how to make your site mobile friendly?
    My web site looks weird when viewing from my iphone4.
    I’m trying to find a template or plugin that
    might be able to correct this issue. If you have any suggestions, please share.
    Thanks!

  • I think what you said made a great deal of sense. However,
    what about this? what if you were to write a awesome headline?

    I ain’t suggesting your content isn’t solid,
    but suppose you added something to possibly get folk’s attention? I mean “Di amianto si continua a morire”
    di Franco D’Amico, esperto statistico – ANMIL is
    a little plain. You ought to glance at Yahoo’s home page and note
    how they write post headlines to grab people interested.
    You might add a video or a pic or two to get people interested about what you’ve written. In my opinion, it would make
    your posts a little livelier.

  • Great info. Lucky me I found your website by chance (stumbleupon).
    I have book marked it for later!

  • Everything is very open with a really clear explanation of the issues.
    It was definitely informative. Your site is very useful.
    Thank you for sharing!

  • What’s Taking place i’m new to this, I stumbled upon this I’ve found It positively
    helpful and it has helped me out loads. I hope to contribute &
    aid other customers like its helped me. Great job.

  • Useful information. Fortunate me I discovered your
    website unintentionally, and I am surprised why this twist of fate didn’t took
    place in advance! I bookmarked it.

  • Thanks for sharing your info. I truly appreciate your efforts
    and I am waiting for your next write ups thank you once again.

  • Very great post. I simply stumbled upon your
    weblog and wanted to mention that I have truly loved surfing around your blog posts.
    After all I will be subscribing for your feed and
    I’m hoping you write once more very soon!

  • I just like the helpful information you provide in your articles.
    I will bookmark your weblog and take a look at
    again here regularly. I’m moderately sure I’ll learn many new stuff right
    right here! Best of luck for the following!

  • This design is incredible! You certainly know how to keep a reader entertained.

    Between your wit and your videos, I was almost moved to start my own blog (well,
    almost…HaHa!) Fantastic job. I really enjoyed what you had
    to say, and more than that, how you presented it. Too cool!

  • I all the time emailed this web site post page to all my associates, since if like to
    read it next my links will too.

  • Fantastic website. A lot of helpful information here.

    I’m sending it to a few buddies ans also sharing in delicious.
    And obviously, thanks in your effort!

  • Great goods from you, man. I’ve take note your
    stuff prior to and you’re simply too fantastic. I really like what you have bought here, certainly like what you’re saying and
    the best way in which you assert it. You make it enjoyable and you
    continue to care for to stay it wise. I can’t wait to read much more from you.
    That is actually a terrific website.

  • Incredible points. Sound arguments. Keep up the good spirit.

  • What a information of un-ambiguity and preserveness of valuable experience concerning unexpected emotions.

  • I have been surfing on-line more than three hours lately, but I never found any fascinating article like yours.
    It is beautiful price enough for me. Personally, if all website owners and bloggers made good content material as
    you probably did, the internet shall be much more helpful than ever before.

  • Hello, after reading this awesome article i am also glad to share my familiarity here with friends.

  • Just desire to say your article is as amazing. The clarity for your
    post is just spectacular and that i can assume you are an expert on this
    subject. Fine with your permission let me to seize your RSS
    feed to stay up to date with impending post. Thanks 1,000,000
    and please continue the enjoyable work.

  • I blog quite often and I genuinely thank you for your content.
    Your article has really peaked my interest. I will book mark your website and keep checking for new details about once a week.
    I subscribed to your RSS feed too.

  • Pretty nice post. I just stumbled upon your weblog and wished to mention that I’ve really
    enjoyed surfing around your weblog posts.
    After all I’ll be subscribing for your feed and I’m hoping you write again soon!

  • It is the best time to make some plans for the future and it is time
    to be happy. I’ve read this post and if I could I desire to suggest you few interesting things or suggestions.
    Perhaps you could write next articles referring to this article.
    I wish to read even more things about it!

Lascia un commento

Il tuo indirizzo email non sarà pubblicato. I campi obbligatori sono contrassegnati *